Study: Adopted Children Aren’t Negatively Affected by Their Parents’ Sexuality

C. Price

Written by: C. Price

C. Price

C. Price is part of's content team. She writes advice articles, how-to guides, and studies — all relating to dating, relationships, love, sex, and more.

Edited by: Lillian Castro

Lillian Castro

Lillian Guevara-Castro brings more than 30 years of journalism experience to ensure DatingAdvice articles have been edited for overall clarity, accuracy, and reader engagement. She has worked at The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, The Gwinnett Daily News, and The Gainesville Sun covering lifestyle topics.

Discuss This! Discuss This!
Advertiser Disclosure

The type of family which raises a child does not predict their psychological adjustment later in life, according to a new study conducted among both heterosexual and gay adoptive parents.

Published in the Journal of Family Psychology, the study examined 120 two-parent families that had each adopted a single child. The participating parents were nearly evenly split between heterosexuals, gay and lesbian couples.

While certain parental patterns like poor organizational skills or depressive symptoms were found to impact a child’s adjustment later on, the sexual identity of their parents was not found to be a predictor.

“Sexual identity was not found to be a

predictor of a child’s adjustment.”

Titled “Predictors of Psychological Adjustment in Early Placed Adopted Children With Lesbian, Gay and Heterosexual Parents,” the study was co-authored by Dr. Abbie Goldberg, of Clark University, and JuliAnna Z. Smith, of the University of Massachusetts.

“The emotional and behavioral outcomes of children adopted and raised by same-sex couples do not differ from those of children adopted and raised by different-sex couples,” Goldberg said. “Our findings lend support for arguments that prospective adopters should not be discriminated against, in policy or practice, based on sexual orientation.”

In the U.S., it is estimated more than 22,000 adopted children are currently being raised by 16,000 same-sex couples.

The findings suggest the children are at no greater risk of poor psychological adjustment compared with children adopted by two heterosexual parents.

From: Williams Institute.

Advertiser Disclosure is a free online resource that offers valuable content and comparison services to users. To keep this resource 100% free, we receive compensation from many of the offers listed on the site. Along with key review factors, this compensation may impact how and where products appear across the site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). does not include the entire universe of available offers. Editorial opinions expressed on the site are strictly our own and are not provided, endorsed, or approved by advertisers.

Our Editorial Review Policy

Our site is committed to publishing independent, accurate content guided by strict editorial guidelines. Before articles and reviews are published on our site, they undergo a thorough review process performed by a team of independent editors and subject-matter experts to ensure the content’s accuracy, timeliness, and impartiality. Our editorial team is separate and independent of our site’s advertisers, and the opinions they express on our site are their own. To read more about our team members and their editorial backgrounds, please visit our site’s About page.